Intel and AMD – Differences between AMD and Intel, Advantages and Disadvantages of Intel vs AMD

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Comparison of Intel and AMD based benchmarks on AMD and Intel processor types, processor specifications, core types and number of cores, architecture, memory access speeds, clock speed, L2 cache memory, temperature stability, motherboard types and integrated chipsets, and Intel performance and AMD when it is planted shows that AMD excels in multitasking / multi-threading performance while Intel excels in single threading.

Techhic.com – Processor specifications, processor collaboration with other components (eg motherboards and sockets), the actual processor performance and overall computer device performance after the processor planted in the device actually becomes a different component.

Of a number of processor manufacturers, indeed only Intel and AMD are the most famous. Besides making their processors also make iconic motherboards with brands Intel and AMD. It is different, for example, for Samsung that also makes motherboards but they don’t make processors, just like nVidia which makes graphics cards but doesn’t make motherboards. It would be interesting to compare Intel vs AMD performance with all the advantages and disadvantages.

Before comparing Intel processors and AMD processors along with the types of Intel processors and AMD’s CPU / GPU / APU, let’s take a glance at what the processor is.

What is a Processor

Processor is a unit or component that processes the input and output commands of the software according to the type and usefulness of the device. In Indonesian, it can literally mean that the processor is a unit or component that is processing (processor / processor).

The processor is embedded in a computer component called a motherboard, where on the motherboard there is a place to embed the processor and is usually called a socket.

Inside Processor Parts

Processor consists of several parts. Each section has different but related functions and uses in running the processor.

The part in the processor consists of Arithmetic And Logical Unit (ALU), Control Unit (CU) and Memory Unit (MU).

Types of Processors

Initially the processor was made only to help the arithmetic function as a support for addition operations in the computer. But along with the use of computer devices that are no longer just running math commands. then the processor is developed again for various purposes of use, certain market segments and types of computer devices.

For example, laptops or desktops are now used to play games, edit videos and edit images, and watch movies. Because these goals require high calculation operations which will certainly drain the previous generation of processors then a graphics processor is created to help improve graphics quality.

Types of processors made for computer devices:

  • CPU (processor running an algorithm for operating commands)
  • GPU (processor that processes the operating commands to support graphics)
  • APU (combined CPU and GPU processor)
  • Chipset (a collection of microchips designed to work together to perform certain functions)

IBM, Apple and ARM are manufacturers of world processors besides Intel and AMD. But Intel and AMD can be said to be more advanced and dominant than others because the components and devices are open source.

Intel and AMD, Types of Intel and AMD Processors, and Differences between AMD and Intel

AMD and Intel are undeniably the two leading technology competitors compared to similar device manufacturers.

Intel and AMD are two multinational device companies that continue to compete to create the best component products, especially computers.

Both of them continue to overtake each other to introduce new flagship components. So it’s not wrong if many people compare the advantages and disadvantages of Intel and AMD processors.

What are the types and sequences of Intel and AMD processors?

Intel and AMD, Sequences / Types of Intel and AMD Processors – Latest Intel and AMD Processors

Intel vs AMD will always be interesting to discuss. Intel and AMD have long competed with each other for a long time. Every Intel releases the processor, so AMD will issue a match. Similarly, on the contrary if AMD issues the latest processor, Intel will issue a rival processor.

AMD’s Intel and CPU processors are inevitably the most dominant processors used by assembled computer devices both desktop PCs, laptops, server computers and workstation computers.

Since its inception, AMD and Intel have created many types of processor models which are then further developed to be more sophisticated by correcting shortcomings in previous generations.

In some gaming competitions, for example the 2016 and 2017 Global Game Awards Intel and AMD products are quite competitive. For example, i5 CPU cores and i7 CPU cores compete with AMD’s FX-9830 CPU (2016 GGA Award) and two AMD Ryzen models (2017 GGA Award).

Many indicators can be compared between Intel and AMD, so people will be more confused about choosing. Intel or AMD? AMD or Intel?

Intel

Intel Corp. first conceived by Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce and Andy Grove in 1968 to run the INTegrated Electronics business, otherwise known as INTEL. By INTEL or Intel Corp., Intel’s processors began with Static RAM production which was later developed into a Microprocessor. The initial microprocessor consists of 275 transitors.

Until now, Intel has produced many variants and types of processors that are known for their greatness. Among them are Intel Core i3, Core i5, and core i7. In fact they have released the latest processors that are more sophisticated on Intel Core i9. 4 Intel Core models and their variant models dominate CPU competition in the world.

The Intel processor is currently one of the largest processor suppliers in the world. With the development of the latest technology, Intel processors are known to be very powerful and compatibility is also quite good.

Intel’s latest Intel Core i7 and i9 processors are high-tech processors. In addition to desktops, Intel also makes processors for servers and workstations. Powered by Intel Core i7 processors and Intel Core i9, server and workstation computer products are very powerful.

Types of Intel Processors
(Intel from the early generation to the 90s)

  • MCS4 series processor
  • 8 bit i8008 processor
  • 8085 processor
  • 8086-8088 Microprocessor
  • 286 Microprocessor
  • Intel386 ™ Microprocessor
  • Intel486 ™ DX CPU Microprocessor
  • Intel® Pentium® Processor
  • Intel® Pentium® Pro Processor
  • Intel® Pentium® II Processor
  • Intel® Pentium II Xeon® Processor
  • Intel® Celeron® Processor
  • Intel® Pentium® III Processor
  • Intel® Pentium® III Xeon® Processor

Type of Intel Processor Production 2000s – Intel Pentium Generation

  • Intel® Pentium® 4 Processor
  • Intel® Xeon® Processor
  • Intel® Itanium® Processor
  • Intel® Itanium® 2 Processor
  • Intel® Pentium® M Processor
  • Intel Pentium M 735/745/755 processors
  • Intel E7520 / E7320 Chipsets
  • Intel Pentium 4 Extreme Edition 3.73GHz
  • Intel Pentium D 820/830/840
  • Intel Dual Core
  • Intel Core 2 Duo
  • Intel Core 2 Quad Q6600

The Latest Types of Intel Processors

  • Intel® Core ™ i5 vPro ™ processor
  • Intel® Core ™ i5 vPro ™ processor
  • Intel® Core ™ i7 vPro ™ processor
  • Intel® Core ™ i7 vPro ™ processor
  • Intel® Core ™ i3 Series
  • Intel® Core ™ i5 Series
  • Intel® Core ™ i7 Series
  • Intel® Core ™ i7 processor Extreme Edition
  • Intel® Core ™ i9 processor
  • Intel® Xeon® Processor Gold Series
  • Intel® Xeon® Processor W-Series
  • Intel® Xeon® Processor E-Series

    Read Also : Here it is 3 Series of the Fastest Core i9 Processors

AMD

AMD (Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.) is an international semiconductor company from the United States. This one world company is based in California, precisely Sunnyvale.

AMD develops technology and computer processors for both the consumer and commercial markets. AMD is the second largest company in the world as a global scale x86 architecture supplier / distributor after Intel Corp. In addition, AMD is the third largest company in the world for suppliers of graphics processing units.

The latest AMD processors, for example the AMD Ryzen variant (AMD Ryzen 3 and its variants, AMD Ryzen 5 and its models, AMD Ryzen 7 and the types and the most fierce are the AMD Ryzen Threadripper) are quality CPU competitors in the world, especially in gaming.

AMD Processor Type

AMD also produces microprocessors, embedded graphics card processors (GPUs), motherboard chipsets, processors for servers, processors for workstations and PC computers.Besides that AMD is also very popular with processor technology for smartphones, digital TV, game consoles, and many other very important applications embedded in the system. AMD has created a lot of processor types from earlier (early generation) to the latest.

Sequences and Types / Types of AMD Processors and Latest AMD CPU.

  • AMD K5 – AMD Generation Early Processor
  • AMD K6 – AMD processor supports all motherboards
  • AMD Duron, Economical AMD Processor and Good Performance (“mini” AMD Athlon version)
  • AMD Athlon
  • AMD Athlon 64
  • AMD Athlon 64 FX – AMD Processor comes with Antivirus
  • AMD Sempron
  • AMD 64 X2 Dual Core – AMD Processor for High Intensity Media
  • AMD Opteron – AMD Processor With Access to Physical Memory Up to 1 Terrabyte
  • AMD Phenom
  • AMD APU FM 1 (Llanno) and AMD APU FM 2 (Trinity)
  • AMD Cadiz
  • AMD Turion – Power-saving AMD Processor
  • AMD Bulldozer – the forerunner of FX-Series Processor with SOI Technology (Silicon on Insulator)
  • AMD Orochi – AMD Tangguh Processor

Latest AMD Processor

  • 6th Gen AMD A-Series APU Processor and variant models
  • 7th Gen AMD A-Series APU Processor and its models (desktop and laptop)
  • AMD FX-Series (eg AMD FX-9800, AMD FX-9830P)
  • AMD Ryzen 3, AMD Ryzen 5, AMD Ryzen 7, AMD Ryzen Threadripper (desktop and laptop)
  • AMD EPYC and its variant models (for server computers)
  • The latest AMD Opteron and its variants (for server computers)

Read Also: Ryzen ™ Threadripper 2nd Gen: Outstanding Performance for Professionals and Content Makers

Differences between AMD and Intel

The competition between Intel vs. AMD often confuses device users, especially computer users. Why ? Because both make the most recent processors and the best for the same type of computer device.

As is known, the types of computers that are currently often used are:

  • PC computer
  • Desktop
  • Notebook / Laptop
  • Server Computer
  • Workstation computer

But keep in mind, that the sophistication of computer devices is not solely due to the use of the processor. Because there are still other hardware / computer device specifications that also affect computer performance.

Differences Between AMD And Intel In Architecture And Cpu Ram

Intel and AMD have differences in processor architecture. AMD integrates the controller into the processor with HyperTransport technology. This causes the data path between the processor and chipset to be shorter so that the transfer rate is faster and there is no need to wait for data from main memory. But the impact is the processor’s internal memory is smaller. AMD excels in transfer rates, but loses in internal memory.

Unlike AMD, Intel integrates a large internal memory through the planting of a large number of transistors. This causes the multi-threading application supported by Intel to be better because the processor doubles as the processor’s own internal memory. But the use of many transistors as well as a large enough internal processor memory causes the price to be more expensive. Intel excels in multi-threading application performance, but loses in price.

When the development of the Bulldozer architecture was developed in the AMD FX-Series into the Zambezi and Vishera architecture in the AMD FX-Series, the benchmark test results between AMD FX vs Intel i5 showed AMD FX-8150 and AMD FX-8350 vs. Intel i5 processors lost in speed and performance. superior to more than 30 percent, but the presence of Intel i7 can rival both AMD FX-Series models.

* Differences Between Intel And AMD At Processor Frequency

The difference between AMD and Intel can also be seen from the frequency of processors owned by Intel vs AMD processors. In the previous version of AMD Processor, AMD rarely released products with frequencies greater than 3 GHz, especially socket usage. Comparing AMD 1.8 GHz with Intel Pentium 4 1.8 GHz doesn’t mean the speed is the same. This is because AMD uses HyperTransport integration so that the speed is higher, the same as Intel 2.2 GHz.

Even though the transfer rate from AMD is faster but the overclocking on AMD models has previously been stuck far below Intel despite using phase cooling.

Fortunately for the latest AMD overclocking processors it can be fixed. Even today, the latest AMD processors have high overclocking capabilities and unlocked capabilities compared to Intel. while the latest Intel processors that have overclocking capabilities are in Intel ‘K’ series processor models and the latest is the ‘X’ series.

* Differences Between AMD And Intel During Overheating When Maximum Temperature

The difference between AMD and Intel especially when the maximum temperature is overheating is usually experienced by AMD.

Generally AMD has a large enough square-shaped cooling fan with a small airflow. This condition will cause heat propagation to be longer, because the medium is larger while the airflow is small and the heat dissipation by the fan through the heatsink will also be longer. This is inversely proportional to Intel. Intel even has a thinner cooling fan. Another plus is that Intel processors can reduce the heat of laptop devices even though they have been used for hours. Intel excels in heat reduction / overheating and media technology and a smaller fan cooler.

* Differences Between AMD And Intel In Use – Daily Use And Software – Applications.

The difference between AMD and Intel in its use purpose (daily use) shows what operations and the most recommended applications to be done by Intel vs AMD processors everyday.

Generally the use of laptops with embedded Intel processors is aimed more at software operations or heavy applications and multimedia. This is because Intel processors have a large internal storage memory. Laptops that are used for multimedia editing such as video editing, game maker (remember, not gaming, but making games) will be very good and fast rendering process if operated by an Intel processor.

Although it can be used for almost the same purpose as Intel, laptops or computers that use AMD processors are more recommended for fast applications such as games. This is because the data transfer / transfer rate is faster and does not require a large memory processor or L2 cache. When used to run a multimedia application it can be but the process will take a long time and use a large amount of internal memory.

Again, AMD is superior in transfer rates but loses the use of heavy applications. But lately AMD has improved this weakness by creating processors with large cache memory and high RAM (for example in AMD FX-Series processors).

* On Board Graphics Intel and AMD Processors

Undoubtedly for this aspect AMD is the king. Motherboards with AMD platforms generally use integrated chipsets nVidia and ATI Radeon. Even ATI Radeon is currently AMD’s graphics technology. AMD CPU on some laptops use mobile APUs that combine CPU and GPU.

The onboard graphics capability of Intel is still below AMD, especially after indirect competition between Intel and NVIDIA, which previously collaborated on nForce 590 and nForce 680 products.

* Differences Intel and AMD on Socket Motherboard Model

Generally AMD develops technologies that have existed in previous generation processors, but older generation processors are no longer used or abandoned. While they also make the motherboard more long-term, in other words any processor that is made can still be installed on the motherboard and chipsets of the existing motherboard.

The focus of this technology is different from that of Intel CPU. Intel CPU are considered to have flexibility and good performance because they make processors that match the motherboard and socket. The drawback is that if Intel makes the CPU with a different architecture from the motherboard then they have to make a new motherboard that matches the processor with a new architecture. This obviously costs more.

* Differences AMD and Intel In Cache Memory

The difference between AMD and Intel is seen in cache memory, where Intel CPU generally have a larger cache memory than AMD.

But lately AMD has a maximum L1 cache of 128 kb and the latest for L2 cache memory reaches 2 MB (for example on AMD FX-Series processors), while L1 cache on Intel 32 Kb.

* Difference between Intel Processor and AMD CPU In Comparison of Instruction Sets

AMD uses the SSE2 and 3DNow instruction sets. While Intel uses MMX, SSE, SSE2 and SSE3 instruction sets. But AMD’s 3DNow has included a number of Intel instruction sets, while Intel’s 3DNow-like instruction set is not yet.

* Differences Between AMD And Intel In Other Aspects And Components

AMD has toughness in application communication processing. Examples are modem data transfer, ADSL, MP3, Dolby Digital Surround.

The Intel pipeline component is indeed longer but has problems with task exchanges. This resulted in the speed of Intel’s pipeline being slow compared to AMD.

Intel vs AMD Processors – Intel Core vs AMD Ryzen Processors, AMD or Intel?

Intel vs AMD Processors refers to the benchmark for the following aspects:

  • Clockspeed
  • Overclocking
  • Core
  • Threading (Single Threading and Multi Threading)
  • Gaming
  • Price

* Intel and AMD processors, Intel Core (Intel Core i7, Core i5, Core i3) vs AMD Ryzen (AMD Ryzen 7, AMD Ryzen 5, AMD Ryzen 3)

Well, as a sample of Intel vs AMD will bring together the descendants of AMD Ryzen processors with Intel Core variants (Intel Core i3, Core i5, core i7).

Testing on some Intel vs AMD CPU shows different benchmarks for each type of processor compared.

Okay, we put aside the sequence and types of AMD and Intel CPU in the early generations, although it is undeniable that the manufacture of the initial generation processor is the forerunner of the current processor.

But it must also be realized that the times have developed, as well as the technology used in line with the changing needs of more dynamic computer devices for various purposes especially this year. Competition between the two global processor manufacturers will be increasingly strict and attractive.

* Intel vs AMD Overclocking

AMD Ryzen is the best processor with potential overclocking (overclocking) for all models where each user is free to overclock the CPU as long as the motherboard and chipset are supported.

While the Intel Core is capable of overclocking only on Core variants which end with the letter ‘K’ in the model number. This is because the application of overclocking on other Intel Core models other than the ‘K’ (non K) model will potentially provide damage.

Overclocking is strongly influenced by how much the CPU overcomes the excess voltage, how much heat is produced and what their performance is like.

AMD vs Intel overclocking is won by AMD CPU.

* Intel vs AMD Core Count and Intel vs AMD Multitasking Performance

The number of cores greatly affects the clock speed and performance of the processor operating the application. Besides that the core is also a processor indicator running threads both single-threading and muti-threading.

Because on all AMD Ryzen CPU models and almost all AMD processor models, the number of cores is more than Intel, so it’s natural that the clock speed is higher and capable of running multi-threading better than Intel.

* AMD vs Intel Clock Speed

Clock speed is strongly influenced by the number of cores, memory integration and the turbo boost feature that is present in each processor. AMD CPU usually excel at clock speed.

But lately this clock speed difference is not significant because Intel also does the same thing with a 3.0 GHz clock speed.

* Intel vs AMD on Multi-threading and Single Threading Performance.

Based on the CPU-Z Benchmark comparing Intel Core i7 7700K vs. AMD Ryzen and Intel Core i5 6850Kvs AMD Ryzen 5 1600X shows that AMD Ryzen’s performance outperforms Intel Core i7 in terms of capability and performance of multi-threading (multi-tasking). But Intel i7 excels in single-threading.

* Intel Vs AMD Gaming

Intel Core i3, Core i5 and core i7 have differences in user targets, where core i3 targets entry level, core i5 is intended for mid level and i7 and i9 for high level (high end). Besides that, the i5 and core i7 cores are single thread processors, where Intel Turbo Mode Technology has been embedded which can turn off cores that are not used while doing the process by overclocking the data thread flow that runs on it so that processing is faster. But when processing applications that are not single thread, the core will come back to life.

This type of Core i on Intel Core has been made in various model variants, with the advantages of Intel Hyper Threading, Intel Turbo Boost, Intel HD Graphics, up to 16 GB RAM Memory, and already using DDR3 modules with 1066MHz FSB.

AMD Ryzen CPU are the 2nd and 3rd Best CPUs (ranked 2 and 3) in the 2017 Global Game Award embedded in the ASUS AMD Ryzen 7 and ASUS AMD Ryzen 5 compete with Intel Core i7 and core i9.

Intel vs AMD for games won by AMD on clock speed, but Intel Core excels in performance.

Even so, Intel has attenuated the difference in clock speed with AMD so that Intel currently has several Intel Core models with a 3.0 GHZ clock speed and above.

Likewise AMD has improved its performance through several AMD Ryzen models so that the differences between AMD and Intel for gaming performance are not so obvious.

* Prices of Intel vs AMD CPU

Price is a relative value. When compared to AMD and Intel CPU, AMD processors are cheaper than Intel CPU. This is because the resource is expensive. This also has an impact on computer devices that use processors from these two companies.

Price of AMD Ryzen 7 is bundled at a price range of around USD 389, while Ryzen Threadripper is in the price range of 889 USD. When compared to Intel Core i7 models ranging from $ 380 to $ 1465, which is cheaper to try? Compare also with the $ 1984 Intel Core i9.

Conclusion: AMD and Intel, choose Intel or AMD?

From the comparison and difference between Intel vs AMD Processor above, TeknoPlug draws the following conclusions. This conclusion is only a reference, not as a reference or benchmark for assessing which processor is better. The choice problem depends on you, because you know what you need. Keep in mind, that Intel Processors and Processors AMD continues to innovate and will continue to innovate in developing the technology. So this competition problem is very relative

  • Intel processors have the advantage of overheating over AMD. Headsink technology and heat-absorbers owned by Intel can reduce heat on the device as a whole even though it has been used for hours.
  • The Intel processor is better at dealing with noise during application operations and using a cooler / fan.
  • This type of Intel processor is superior to the operation of single threading applications, but AMD is better in multi-threading (multi-tasking) performance.
  • Intel excels in efficiency and development and production because the old version of the motherboard socket is still produced and developed, but when launching a new processor, the socket and chipset must also be replaced. AMD CPU are superior in architecture and long-term motherboard and socket compatibility so that in the next few years when creating the latest CPU version, the chipset and the motherboard socket can still be used.
  • AMD CPU have more cores than Intel, but Intel processors excel at efficiency
  • Intel is better at internal memory management because it has Intel Matrix Memory
  • AMD excels in onboard graphics and integrated graphics technology
  • AMD wins in data transfer rates or data rate transfers
  • AMD excels in technology collaboration
  • AMD excels in terms of cost / cost

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